The Consequences of Outsourcing Military Support Functions

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Future Contracting for Availability

Future Contracting for Availability

Descriptive Note : Conference Paper

Corporate Author : Lockheed Martin Bethesda United States

Personal Author(s) : Kratz,Lou ; Buckingham,Bradd

Full Text :

Report Date : 30 Apr 2016

Pagination or Media Count : 29

Abstract : The United States faces unprecedented national security threats in an environment of continued federal budget limitations. The U.S. military must modernize its force to deter near peer competitors and unstable states, while maintaining high readiness to deter and defeat extreme violent organizations. These factors put significant pressure on research, development, and procurement accounts to field critically needed capabilities in a time of overwhelming demands on resources. These challenges are not unique to the United States. Many of our allies, faced with these same defense modernization and readiness issues, created new public private partnerships through the implementation of Outcomes Based Service Contracting (OBSC). Under the outcomes based model, a customer (Defense) contracts and pays for business results delivered by a service provider (industry), rather than for defined activities, tasks, or assets. These types of contracts focus on the outcomes rather than piece parts or the manner in which the service is provided. This paper explores the fundamental business decisions needed to identify opportunities that will allow the DoD to concentrate on its core competencies of deterrence and national defense. By buying outcomes versus equipment and services, the greater utilization of Outcomes Based Service Contracting will ensure readiness and modernization.

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The underlying causes of military outsourcing in the USA and UK: bridging the persistent gap between ends, ways and means since the beginning of the Cold War

This article reappraises the two most-studied country cases of military outsourcing: the USA and the UK. It argues that the contemporary wave of military contracting stretches back to the beginning of the cold war and not only to the demobilisation of armies in the 1990s or the neoliberal reforms introduced since the 1980s. It traces the political, technological and ideational developments that laid the groundwork for these reforms and practices since the early cold war and account for its endurance today. Importantly, it argues that a persistent gap between strategic objectives and resources, i.e. the challenge to reconcile ends and means, is an underlying driver of military contracting in both countries. Contemporary contracting is thus most closely tied to military support functions in support of wider foreign and defence political objectives. Security services in either state may not have been outsourced so swiftly, if at all, without decades of experience in outsourcing military logistics functions and the resultant vehicles, processes and familiarities with public-private partnerships. The article thus provides a wider and deeper understanding of the drivers of contractualisation, thereby improving our understanding of both its historical trajectory and the determinants of its present and potential futures.

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CIA’s Mad Torture Scientists: We’re Like Those Who Made Gas For The Nazis

Saul Loeb/GETTY


CIA’s Mad Torture Scientists: We’re Like Those Who Made Gas For The Nazis

James Mitchell and Bruce Jessen use a novel defense in court: they only gave the agency the tools to abuse detainees, they didn’t do it themselves.

Usually, and for understandable reasons, the CIA frowns on people comparing it to Nazis, whether the insult comes from random trolls or the president of the United States. Rarer still are Nazi comparisons coming from the CIA’s own contractors.

Vanishingly, once-in-a-lifetime, Halley’s-Comet rare are the times when those CIA contractors will not only compare the agency to Nazis, but themselves to the manufacturers of poison gas used in the Holocaust – and do it in their own defense.

As contractor psychologists for the agency, James Mitchell and Bruce Jessen played an integral role in designing the CIA’s post-9/11 torture program.They personally waterboarded Abu Zubaydah, a detainee effectively used as human guinea pig for torture. And the company they subsequently founded to contract with the CIA on the brutal interrogations earned them $81 million, according to the 2014 Senate torture report. Senator Dianne Feinstein called it “a stain on our values and on our history.” Continue reading

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Blackwater Founder Backs Outsourcing Afghan War-Fighting to Contractors

Blackwater Founder Backs Outsourcing Afghan War-Fighting to Contractors

Originally published on July 24, 2017 9:43 am
Copyright 2017 NPR. To see more, visit


The car bombing in Kabul this morning drives home the reality of a long-running war. The United States had been slowly drawing down its forces in Afghanistan. Now, the U.S. military is asking for additional troops. White House officials have also at least discussed another option – using more private military contractors. There are already thousands of them there.

Erik Prince put forth one version of this idea. He is a former Navy SEAL and the founder of what was once the private security firm Blackwater that operated in Iraq. And he’s on the phone. Mr. Prince, welcome to the program.

ERIK PRINCE: Good morning. Continue reading

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We Need to Talk about the Militarisation of Conservation

We Need to Talk about the Militarisation of Conservation

Since 2009, the rising levels of poaching of iconic species, particularly elephants and rhinos in Sub-Saharan Africa, have hit the headlines and created a new sense of urgency. Combined with fears about extinction of some of the world’s best loved wildlife, this renewed sense of crisis has provided fresh impetus for a more violent phase of the long running ‘war for biodiversity’. Some have called this ‘green militarisation’. Interestingly, more militarised approaches are increasingly justified with arguments about a global responsibility to protect which is more commonly associated with the large-scale international humanitarian interventions of the past 20 years. How did this approach become the new norm, and is it actually more effective? Continue reading

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Foreign ‘conservation armies’ in Africa may be doing more harm than good

British army conducts anti-poaching training in Nanyuki, Kenya. Dai Kurokawa / EPA

Disclosure statement

Rosaleen Duffy receives funding from The European Research Council and the Economic and Social Research Council. She has also undertaken some consultancy work on the illegal wildlife trade for the UK Department for International Development and for the Trade Committee of the European Parliament.

Hannah Dickinson receives funding from the European Research Council as part of the BIOSEC project.

Laure Joanny receives funding from the European Research Council as part of the BIOSEC project. Continue reading

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Ex-KBR Worker Urges DC Circ. To Revive FCA Kickbacks Suit

Ex-KBR Worker Urges DC Circ. To Revive FCA Kickbacks Suit

Law360, Washington (July 21, 2017, 4:10 PM EDT) — A former KBR Inc. employee asked the D.C. Circuit on Thursday to rescue his False Claims Act suit against the defense contractor, saying a lower court improperly ignored crucial evidence when it dismissed the case in March.

Harry Barko said in his opening brief that the lower court erred in refusing to consider declarations from KBR employees and reports filed by the contractor, which he says contain significant circumstantial evidence in support of his claims that the company engaged in a broad range of anti-competitive activity,…

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Ex-Louis Berger Exec Can Move FCA Suit To NJ, Judge Rules

Ex-Louis Berger Exec Can Move FCA Suit To NJ, Judge Rules

Law360, New York (July 24, 2017, 7:29 PM EDT) — A former Louis Berger Group Inc. executive facing allegations he conspired to overbill the federal government on Afghanistan and Iraq reconstruction contracts on Monday won his bid to have the case transferred from Maryland to New Jersey, when a federal judge reasoned the case has no connection to the former state.

U.S. District Judge Roger W. Titus granted the transfer motion of Derish Wolff, the former CEO of the New Jersey-based construction firm, noting that the government’s False Claims Act complaint was prompted by a whistleblower…

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In the light of recent events in Italy, associated with the person of Roman Markiv, a Ukrainian military serviceman and a veteran of the war in Donbass, who has been arrested on quite a vague accusations, we think it worthwhile to recall (and draw the Italian security service’s attention) an interesting fact, concerns both our countries. It’s no longer be a secret, that in addinion to representatives of local criminality and own regular army Russia has widelly involved foreign mercenaries to the conflict in the Donbass. Among others, there are about few dozen of the residents of Italy. The informational agency has published full list of Italian colaborators with the Kremlin-guided terrorist goups of the Donbass.

Gabriele Carugati; callsign “Arhangel;” a resident of the town of Cairate, Italy. Here is the one’s profile on the Facebook. He has been participating the histilities in Donbass on the terrorists’ side since 2014. First Carugati joined the “Unite Continentale” international mercenary unit, which had acted within of the “Prizrak” terrorist battalion. Later, he surfaced in staff of the “7th company of the 4th Motorized Rifle Battalion” of the DNR terrorist organisation. Now he is one of the fighters of the “Vostok” terrorist group. To the temporarily occupied territories he entered through uncontrolled part of the state border, neighbouring with the Rostov region of the RF. Before leaving for Ukraine, Gabriel worked as a security guard in a mall. His mother Silvana Marin is a secretary of the Kairat’s office of the Lega Nord Italian separatist right-wing party.

Continue reading

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