SAFE PASSAGE: PRIVATE SECURITY AND THE DECLINE OF SOMALI PIRACY

SAFE PASSAGE: PRIVATE SECURITY AND THE DECLINE OF SOMALI PIRACY

  • Source: Journal of Public & International Affairs . 2015, Issue 1, p77-87. 11p.
  • Author(s): Dantas, Jordan
  • Abstract: Pirate attacks off the coast of Somalia have declined precipitously since 2011. Various causes may have driven this outcome, including responses by international and national navies, changes in Somalia’s domestic politics and government, vessel improvements, and actions by private shipping companies. This article examines an overlooked and critical causal factor in the decline of piracy: the rise of private armed security teams embarked on shipping vessels. Surveying trends in each category of potential causes, it finds embarked security teams to be the most successful in both directly repelling pirate attacks and deterring piracy more generally. Moreover, private security teams reduce piracy at dramatically lower costs. Following these conclusions, the article offers an analysis of continued traditional counter-piracy approaches by the United States and recommends a more cost effective, efficacious strategy based on the success of embarked security units.

 

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