The Invasion of Iraq: Open and Latent Purposes

  • Luiz Alberto Moniz Bandeira  
  • 1.Emeritus professor for HistoryUniversity of BrasíliaSt. Leon-RotGermany
Chapter

Abstract

The militarization of the region occurred not only for geopolitical reasons, but also to serve the interests of the war industry, selling armaments to Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Turkey, Qatar, Israel and other countries. The weapon supplies to these countries reflected not only geopolitical reasons, but also the interests and the pressures exerted by the military-industrial complex to sustain its profits and commissions. After the end of the 1990s, this militarization was accompanied by the privatization/outsourcing of military and security services, in addition to other public functions, with the rate of these privatizations doubling every year in the United States. In addition to mercenaries, the private labor force of the federal government could have reached a total of 2 million people and, if the private sector workers doing government jobs through federal “grants and contracts” were to be included, this figure could be as high as 12 to 13 million.

President George W. Bush further intensified this outsourcing process, i.e. the privatization of military and intelligence services, which became a very lucrative business, a war business driven by the development of electronics, information technology and new weapon and warfare technologies. After the invasion of Iraq in 2003, the rise of “private military companies like Backwater has been nothing less than meteoric”, wrote CNN’s executive producer Susan Simons. The contracts of the U.S. Department of Defense, whose budget had increased by 90% since 2000, with the military companies grew to a monumental scale, jumping from US$ 106 billion in 2000 to US$ 297 billion in 2006.

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